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Cosma arrow.gif communication arrow.gif knowledge arrow.gif realm arrow.gif terrestrial arrow.gif life arrow.gif animal arrow.gif vertebrate arrow.gif mammal arrow.gif dog
dog : highly variable domestic mammal closely related to the gray wolf (Dog, 2015) [1]blank.gif Webster | Free | OneLook | Visuwords

puppy : a young domestic dog; specifically : one less than a year old (Puppy, 2015) [2] Webster | Free | OneLook | Visuwords

canine : an animal of the family Canidae, especially a dog (Canine, 2015) [3] blank.gif Free | OneLook | Visuwords

The domestic dog is a domesticated form of the gray wolf, a member of the Canidae family of the order Carnivora. The term is used for both feral and pet varieties. The dog may have been the first animal to be domesticated, and has been the most widely kept working, hunting, and companion animal in human history. Dogs were domesticated from gray wolves about 15,000 years ago. Their value to early human settlements led to them quickly becoming ubiquitous across world cultures. Dogs perform many roles for people, such as hunting, herding, pulling loads, protection, assisting police and military, companionship, and, more recently, aiding handicapped individuals. This impact on human society has given them the nickname "Man's Best Friend" in the Western world. In 2001, there were estimated to be 400 million dogs in the world. (Dog, 2015) [4]blank.gif Wikipedia blank.gif


Cava Poo Chon The World's Perfect Puppy

Meet the cava-poo-chon: adorable new dog breed designed to never lose its puppy face (New York Daily News/AP

Cavapoo (Dobs2 Wikia)
Cockapoo (Wikipedia)

Dog crossbreeds (Wikipedia)
List of dog crossbreeds (Wikipedia)


Here are some other famous mammals:
air, flying blank.gif chiroptera blank.gifbat
water, marine blank.gif sirenian blank.gif manatee blank.gif pinniped blank.gifsealblank.gifwalrus
land blank.gif rodentia blank.gifmouse blank.gif lagomorpha blank.gifrabbit blank.gif artiodactyla blank.gifdeerblank.gifcamelblank.gifgiraffeblank.gifpigblank.gifcowblank.gifsheep
blank.gif perissodactyla blank.gif horse blank.gif proboscidea blank.gifelephantblank.gifmammothblank.gifblank.gif carnivora blank.gifcatblank.giflionblank.giftigerblank.gifdogblank.gifwolfblank.gif bear
ice, marine blank.gif carnivora blank.gifpolar bear

These are the most intelligent mammals:
cetacean blank.gifwhaleblank.gifdolphinblank.gifporpoiseblank.gif
primate blank.gifgorillablank.gifmonkeyblank.gifapeblank.gifsee also human


Pet Care : How to Choose a Dog

Choosing a Dog or Puppy (Internet Public Library)
Pet Dogs (Internet Public Library)
The 2010 AKC most-registered dog breeds (Boston.com)

Dog Training - Learn how to train your dog obedience

Dogs 101 Videos (YouTube)

These are links to resources organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. more...


Subject Specific Links

BBC wildlife Finder, dog Nature, Dog (PBS)

OneLook Merriam-Webster Free Wiktionary Visuwords

A-Z Animals, dog
The Electronic Zoo, Dogs Dog (Wikipedia)

Dog Owners Guide

Specific Dewey 599.7 Land Carnivores, Tigers, Bear, Cats (BUBL LINK)
Free Internet Public Library dmoz Commercial Best of the Web

"dog" DuckDuckGo WolframAlpha

Quotations Page Bartlett’s

Internet Archive

Library of Congress

WorldCat (OAIster) Library of Congress UPenn Online Books Open Library Hathi Trust

ISBNdb ISBNdb Google Books eBooks.com Barnes and Noble Amazon eBay Books

Nature for Educators, dog (PBS)

Open Education Consortium

American Kennel Club

Westminster Kennel Club, Dog Show


ScienceDaily.com, dogs news NPR Archives Google News

Google Scholar


Puppy War Activities for Dogs

Amazon Toys


Dogs Prefer Belly Rubs Over Treats

What does a dog want more — “good boy” or treats? (Kimbriell Kelly, Washington Post)
Dogs Are People, Too (Gregory Berns, New York Times)

Awake Canine fMRI Predicts Dogs’ Preference for Praise Versus Food (Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience Advance Access published August 12, 2016
Neuropolicy @ Emory


Dogs Appear To Become Jealous Of Owners' Attention

Study: Jealousy Is So Universal Even Dogs Feel It (Kristen Fischer, Healthline)
Dogs display signs of jealousy, say scientists (Charles Q. Choi, LiveScience, Christian Science Monitor)
Original Study: Jealousy in Dogs (Christine R. Harris and Caroline Prouvost (PLOS ONE)


Dogs Teach Chemistry - Chemical Bonds


Soviet Space Dog, " The Reluctant Tailor " BBC, Part. 1


Strays Leading the Soviets Into Space (Dana Jennings, New York Times)


Little Puppy Bear

Morton the BEAR CUB vs Puppy - Action

Grizzly Bear Cub & Little Dog Playing

A strange relationship between dogs and bears.

Taken from the show "Jailed Polar Bear" on FirstScience.tv
Download in full from: http://firstscience.tv/polarbear.htm


Genetically Modified Beagle Glows (Jennifer Viegas, Discovery News)
"Tegon" glows bright green under ultraviolet light in a feat that could eventually help scientists track diseases.
Ruppy the Fluorescent Puppy Is World's First Transgenic Dog (Liz Colville)


Original Ewok Celebration Ending Scene - Star Wars, Episode VI: Return of the Jedi

Ewok (Star Wars Wikia)
Ewok (Wikipedia)


Silly Dog vs. Balloons


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Turing Isle


Dogs News -- ScienceDaily
  • Significant epilepsy gene discovery in dogs Feb 21, 2017
    Research groups have described in collaboration a novel myoclonic epilepsy in dogs and identified its genetic cause. The study reveals a novel candidate gene for human myoclonic epilepsies, one of the most common forms of epilepsy. As a result, a genetic test was developed for veterinary diagnostics and breeding programs.
  • Egg-free surrogate chickens produced in bid to save rare breeds Feb 17, 2017
    Hens that do not produce their own chicks have been developed for use as surrogates to lay eggs from rare breeds. The advance -- using gene-editing techniques -- could help to boost breeding of endangered birds, as well as improving production of commercial hens, researchers say.
  • Novel socio-ecological approach helps identifying suitable wolf habitats in human-dominated landscapes Feb 16, 2017
    About one third of the Swiss landscape offers suitable wolf habitat. Nonetheless, there is only a small fraction thereof where the wolf is tolerated by local communities. Those regions – characterized by both favorable environmental conditions and a positive attitude towards the wolf – are identified as candidate regions for the successful short to medium-term wolf expansion, according to a study.
  • Can’t we all just get along – like India’s cats and dogs? Feb 16, 2017
    Three carnivores -- tigers, leopards, and dholes (Asian wild dog) -- seemingly in direct competition with one other, are living side by side with surprisingly little conflict, new study in India shows.
  • Gene therapy treats muscle-wasting disease in dogs Feb 16, 2017
    Dogs with an inherited muscle-wasting disorder that was treated with a single infusion of corrective gene therapy were indistinguishable from normal animals one year later. Puppies with this naturally occurring, fatal genetic mutation and babies with the same defective gene have several similar symptoms. Scientists found a way to safely replace the disease-causing MTM gene with a healthy gene throughout the entire musculature of affected dogs, and are now trying to determine the most effectiv...


Editor Mary E. Hopper
Contributor Neil R. Carlson

© Cosma creator mehopper editor mehopper revised 8/19/2016 v.1.5

  1. ^ Dog. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dog
  2. ^ Puppy. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/puppy
  3. ^ Canine. (2015). In The Free Dictionary. Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/Canaine
  4. ^ Dog. (2015). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/dog