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Cosma arrow.gif communication arrow.gif knowledge arrow.gif realm arrow.gif terrestrial arrow.gif life arrow.gif animal arrow.gif vertebrate arrow.gif fish
fish : any of numerous cold-blooded strictly aquatic craniate vertebrates that include the bony fishes and usually the cartilaginous and jawless fishes and that have typically an elongated somewhat spindle-shaped body terminating in a broad caudal fin, limbs in the form of fins when present at all, and a 2-chambered heart by which blood is sent through thoracic gills to be oxygenated (fish, 2015) [1]blank.gifWebster | OneLook | Visuwords


U.S. Survey Finds Increased Number of Sharks Off The East Coast

East Coast Shark Populations Are Highest in Decades (Douglas Main, Newsweek)
2015 Coastal Shark Survey Reveals Shark Populations Improving off U.S. East Coast (Shelley Dawicki, NOAA)

Great White Shark (National Geographic)
Great White Shark (Wikipedia)


vertebrate blank.gif cold-blooded blank.gif fishblank.gifamphibianblank.gifreptileblank.gif warm-blooded blank.gifbirdblank.gif mammal


Tour the Georgia Aquarium

Atlanta Georgia Aquarium World's Largest

Tour of the New England Aquarium of Boston

Search for an aquarium to visit! (Association of Zoos and Aquariums)


Pet Fish : How to Start a Freshwater Aquarium the Right Way

How to set up freshwater aquariums (Drs. Foster & Smith Educational Staff)


MythBusters: Shark Dive

Da-da da-dum...

Discovery VR has released a compelling, albeit potentially disturbing, new 360 VR experience. They did an excellent job of filming a special about sharks in a format that is able to be viewed on pretty much every possible platform.

The narrator provides a steady stream of entertaining and educational explanation as you get closer and closer to a swarm of sharks. The experience is set up incrementally, so at first you don't feel very immersed or intimidated, but the further you go, the closer they get, the more immersive it gets, until you find yourself right in the middle of the action, and the feeling of "presence" sneaks right up on you.

Of course, as usual, the most immersive way to see it is with Samsung's Gear VR where you can find the videos on their Milk VR video service. If you don't happen to have the Gear VR (or an Oculus Developer Kit), you can always try Google's far more affordable Cardboard viewer.

You can even get at least some sense of the experience on any device with an updated Chrome or Firefox browser. These videos are posted on YouTube in a 360 format that works in browsers. If you haven't tried playing with that feature yet, this is a great time to do that with these videos.

MythBusters: Shark Shipwreck (360 Video)

MythBusters: Sharks Everywhere! (360 Video)

MythBusters: Underwater Shark Experiment (360 Video)

This experience is definitely one of the better ones to be posted on Milk VR so far. There is still a long way to go before any of this can be dubbed a "killer app," but being able to feel like you're swimming around with sharks up close and personal definitely demands a certain amount of attention!

Discovery VR Dumps You Into (Virtual) Shark-Infested Waters (David Murphy, PC Mag)
Mythbusters Shark Dive (Discovery VR)


These are links to resources organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. more...


Subject Specific Links

FINS: The Fish Information Service Ray-finned fishes, Class Actinopterygii BBC wildlife Finder, fish

OneLook Merriam-Webster Free Wiktionary Visuwords

A-Z Animals, Fish The Electronic Zoo, Fish Fish (Wikipedia) New World Encyclopedia

Catalog of Fishes

Specific Fish and Other Marine Life Directory (Internet Public Library)
Dewey 597 Fish (BUBL LINK)
Free dmoz

DuckDuckGo WolframAlpha

shop Amazon eBay gift Zazzle

Library of Congress

WorldCat (OAIster) Library of Congress UPenn Online Books Open Library Hathi Trust

597 Fish Dewey Browse

ISBNdb Google Books eBooks.com Barnes and Noble Amazon eBay Books

Globio Glossopedia, Fishes

Open Education Consortium

Fish Research.org

Fish FAQ (Woods Hole & Northeast Fisheries Science Center)


ScienceDaily.com, fish NPR Archives Google News

Google Scholar


Quiz on fish (Fun Trivia)

On-line fish game


Clown Fish Conversation?

Clownfish Talk Their Way Out of Conflict (Trevor Stokes, LiveScience)

Finding Nemo comes true! Researchers find young clownfish travel up to 400km

Study Little Nemos travel long distances, but fathers don't follow (UPI)
Following Nemo Clownfish Make Epic Ocean Journeys (Jason Bittel, National Geographic)


Scientists Make Surprising Discovery Deep Beneath Antarctic Ice Sheet

Translucent Fish Found Alive Deep Under Antarctic Ice: There's something fishy going on here (Mary Beth Griggs, Popular Science)
Fish Live beneath Antarctica: Scientists find translucent fish in a wedge of water hidden under 740 meters of ice, 850 kilometers from sunlight (Douglas Fox, Scientific American)


How "Glowing" Sharks See Each Other

Through a Shark's Eyes: See How They Glow in the Deep (Brian Clark Howard, National Geographic)
Biofluorescence in Catsharks (Scyliorhinidae): Fundamental Description and Relevance for Elasmobranch Visual Ecology (Scientific Reports, Nature)

Taiwan Team Engineers Fluorescent Fish

Taiwanese engineer first florescent pink angelfish (Chung Li-hua and Jake Chung, Taipei Times)

Bioluminescence (Luminescent Labs)
Glow Baby Glow: Biofluorescence vs. Bioluminescence (Konica Minolta Sensing Americas)
Florescence in nature (Wikipedia)


Blobfish Named World's Ugliest Animal

Blobfish wins ugliest animal vote (Victoria Gill, BBC News)
Blobfish voted world's ugliest animal (Natalie Starkey, theguardian.com)

Blobfish (Wikipedia)


Buying Pet Fish : Picking Pet Fish for Different Water Levels

Pet Fish (Internet Public Library)


Fish News -- ScienceDaily

New Deep Sea Creatures Discovered

Ichthyo: The Architecture of Fish

Earth Report - Sustainable Fishing
Stolen Fish - BBC Environmental Documentary

Watch: World's Deepest Fish Lurks 5 Miles Down in Mariana Trench (Jane J. Lee, National Geographic)

Fish Identification

Nature, Cartilaginous fish (BBC)

Nature, Ray-finned fishes (BBC)

Nature, Lobe-finned fishes (BBC)


Editor Mary E. Hopper
Contributor Neil R. Carlson




© Cosma creator mehopper editor mehopper revised 7/15/2016 v.1.5

  1. ^ fish. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved January 15, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fish