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humor : (1) that quality which appeals to a sense of the ludicrous or absurdly incongruous (2) the mental faculty of discovering, expressing, or appreciating the ludicrous or absurdly incongruous (3) something that is or is designed to be comical or amusing (humor, 2015) [1]blank.gifWebster | OneLook | Visuwords
Humour, or humor, is the tendency of particular cognitive experiences to provoke laughter and provide amusement. The term derives from the humoral medicine of the ancient Greeks, which taught that the balance of fluids in the human body, known as humours (Latin: humor, "body fluid"), controlled human health and emotion.

People of all ages and cultures respond to humour. Most people are able to experience humour—be amused, smile or laugh at something funny—and thus are considered to have a sense of humour. The hypothetical person lacking a sense of humour would likely find the behaviour induced by humour to be inexplicable, strange, or even irrational. Though ultimately decided by personal taste, the extent to which a person finds something humorous depends on a host of variables, including geographical location, culture, maturity, level of education, intelligence and context. For example, young children may favour slapstick such as Punch and Judy puppet shows or cartoons such as Tom and Jerry, whose physical nature makes it accessible to them. By contrast, sophisticated forms of humour such as satire require an understanding of its social meaning and context, and thus tend to appeal to the mature audience. (Humour, 2015) [2] Wikipedia


humor | toy | hobby | game | competition | adventure | spectacle
See also saying


Jon Stewart's 'Daily Show' goodbye a 'love fest'

Jon Stewart leaving show after 15 years

Watch Last Full Episode of the Daily Show with Jon Stewart (Comedy Central)

Jon Stewart Signs Off From ‘Daily Show’ With Wit and Sincerity (Dave ItZkoff, New York Times)

Jon Stewart signs off 'The Daily Show' with a 'love fest' (CNN Money)
Jon Stewart for president? (Dean Obeidallah, CNN.com)
Jon Stewart for President 2016, yep, it's really out there! (Facebook)

Jon Stewart Explains White House Visits :
Obama Wanted to Know Why I’m ‘Such an Asshole’

Jon Stewart explains ‘secret’ White House meetings with President Obama (Matt Juul, Boston.com)

The Daily Show (Comedy Central)
Jon Stewart (Wikipedia)


These are links to resources organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. more...


Subject Specific Links

Brain of Brian HumorMatters Comedy portal (wikipedia)

Humor on the internet (RefDesk)

OneLook Merriam-Webster Newbury House Random House Free Wiktionary Visuwords


Uncyclopedia (Wikia) Wikipedia

Writing Humor Techniques - Introduction (John Cantu © HumorMall.com)

Specific Humor Directory (Kathy Schrock's Guide)
Free Internet Public Library dmoz Commercial Best of the Web

DuckDuckGo WolframAlpha

shop Target Amazon eBay gift Zazzle

History of Humor

Library of Congress

WorldCat (OAIster) Library of Congress UPenn Online Books Open Library Hathi Trust

ISBNdb Google Books eBooks.com Barnes and Noble Amazon eBay Books

Open Education Consortium

Quotations Page Bartlett’s


NPR Archives Google News

Google Scholar


Amazon Toys



pun : the usually humorous use of a word in such a way as to suggest two or more of its meanings or the meaning of another word similar in sound (pun, 2015) [3]blank.gifWebster | OneLook | Visuwords
Uncyclopedia - Pun
A History of Puns
Bad Puns
Pun of the Day
Today's Pun


comic : 1) of, relating to, or marked by comedy <a comic actor> (2) causing laughter or amusement : funny (3) of or relating to comic strips (comic, 2015) [4]blank.gifWebster | OneLook | Visuwords

Comics (Internet Public Library)
World Comics
UExpress Comic Page
Comic Cafe, One Stop Shop for Fun
Grand Comics Database
Comic Conventions

Comics Timeline (InfoPlease) The History of the Comic Strip, David Kunzle Father of the comic strip: Rodolphe Töpffer

Comic Strip Page
New Yorker Cartoon Bank

Marvel, Spider-Man, X-Men, Incredible Hulk, Fantastic Four, Punisher, Wolverine and others…
DC Comic, Superman, Batman, American Justice League, Green Arrow, Catwoman and other…
Legion of Super-Heros


comedy : (1) a drama of light and amusing character and typically with a happy ending (2) the genre of dramatic literature dealing with the comic or with the serious in a light or satirical manner (3) a ludicrous or farcical event or series of events(4) humorous entertainment (comedy, 2015) [5]blank.gifWebster | OneLook | Visuwords

Robin Williams, 1951-2014

Ricky Gervais: The Principles of Comedy

How To Write & Perform A Stand-Up Comedy Act (Channel, series):
How to Write Jokes: Stand-Up Comedy Tips

Stand Up Comedians and Venues
Uncyclopedia - Comedy
IPL Improvisational Comedy Pathfinder


SNL 40th Anniversary Special

SNL App Debuts Before Show's 40th Anniversary

SNL 40th Anniversary: 11 Reasons the Show Mattered, in Sketch Form (Michael Driscoll, Wall Street Journal's Speakeasy blog)

Saturday Night Live 40th Anniversary Celebration, Archive
Saturday Night Live (Wikipedia)


joke : (1) something said or done to provoke laughter; especially : a brief oral narrative with a climactic humorous twist (2) the humorous or ridiculous element in something (3) an instance of jesting : kidding (joke, 2015) [6]blank.gifWebster | OneLook | Visuwords
Uncyclopedia - Joke


insult : (1) to treat with insolence, indignity, or contempt (2) to affect offensively or damagingly (insult, 2015) [7]blank.gifWebster | OneLook | Visuwords
Uncyclopedia - Insult
Insult (Wikipedia)

Insults by Genre, Subject (Insults.net)

Shakespearean Insults (Pangloss)
Shakespearean Insults (Insults.net)


Stupidity & Failure

stupid : (1) slow of mind (2) given to unintelligent decisions or acts (3) marked by or resulting from unreasoned thinking or acting : senseless <a stupid decision> (4) lacking interest or point (stupid, 2015) [8]blank.gifWebster | OneLook | Visuwords
failure : (1) omission of occurrence or performance (2) an abrupt cessation of normal functioning (3) a fracturing or giving way under stress (4) lack of success (5) a failing (6) deterioration, decay (7) one that has failed (failure, 2015) [9]blank.gifWebster | OneLook | Visuwords
Stupidity (Wikipedia)
Darwin Awards
Wall O' Shame
Wanted Dumb or Alive
How to Keep an Idiot Busy


Highway Scare Prank on Wife

Funny Scary Snowman Prank (Harvard Sq., Cambridge, MA)

Watch This Guy Dressed as a Snowman Terrorize People in Harvard Square (Kevin Slane, BDCWire)
The Scary Snowman Channel (YouTube)

The Official Pranks Channel (YouTube)
50 Amazingly Epic Pranks (Mashable)
Prankked (Official Site)
Top 10 Harmless Geek Pranks (Gina Trapani, LifeHacker.com)
Interesting Hacks To Fascinate People: The MIT Gallery of Hacks (IHTFP Gallery, MIT)

Pranking, errr.. Not? (Wikipedia)
Bad Idea Machine (Wikipedia)


mischief : (1) action that annoys or irritates (2) the quality or state of being mischievous (mischief, 2015) [10]blank.gifWebster | OneLook | Visuwords
practical joke : a prank intended to trick or embarrass someone or cause physical discomfort (practical joke, 2015) [11]blank.gifWebster | OneLook | Visuwords
prank : a mildly mischievous act (prank, 2015) [12]blank.gifWebster | OneLook | Visuwords

Mischief (Wikipedia) The Big book of Mischief (Wikipedia)
The Big book of Mischief (Scribbd)

Practical Joke Archive
Practical Joke Book

Uncyclopedia - Pranks

Curious George

Curious George's blank.gif Wikipedia Page blank.gif PBS Homepage


The púca (or pooka, phouka, phooca, púka; Irish for goblin) is a creature of Irish folklore and Welsh mythology, one of the myriad fairy folk, both revered and feared by those who give credence to their existence. (Púca, 2015) [13]blank.gif Wikipedia

Harvey Trailer

James Stewart - Harvey

Josephine Hull, Scene from Harvey

How to Create a Pooka


200 Year Old Alcoholic-Makem & Clancy

Monty Python, Humor Clinic

More Monty Python Wikipedia See more Monty Python on YouTube...


Alfred Hitchcock Presents - Cure for insomnia

World's smallest computer

Funny signs & shirt logos

Witty, Funny and Wise Sayings And Quotes

Laugh of the day

SwedishChef/Jive/ValSpeak/Pig Translations



    Humor - Google News


    Editor Mary E. Hopper
    Contributor Neil R. Carlson
    Contributor Robert W. Lawler

    © Cosma creator mehopper editor mehopper revised 7/15/2016 v.1.5

    1. ^ humor. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/humor
    2. ^ Humour. (2015). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 15, 2015, from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Humour
    3. ^ pun. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/pun
    4. ^ comic. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/comic
    5. ^ comedy. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/comedy
    6. ^ joke. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/joke
    7. ^ insult. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/insult
    8. ^ stupid. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/stupid
    9. ^ failure. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/failure
    10. ^ mischief. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/mischief
    11. ^ practical joke. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/practical+joke
    12. ^ prank. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/prank
    13. ^ Púca. (2015). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/P%C3%BAca