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Cosma arrow.gif communication arrow.gif knowledge
knowledge : the sum of what is known : the body of truth, information, and principles acquired by humankind (Knowledge, 2015) [1] Webster Oxford Free OneLook Word Reference Urban Visuwords
Knowledge is a familiarity with someone or something, that can include descriptions, facts, information, and/or skills acquired through experience or education. It can refer to both the theoretical or practical understanding of a subject. It can be implicit (as with practical skill or expertise) or explicit (as with the theoretical understanding of a subject); and it can be more or less formal or systematic. In philosophy, the study of knowledge is called epistemology, and the philosopher Plato famously defined knowledge as "justified true belief." There is however no single agreed upon definition of knowledge, and there are numerous theories to explain it. (Knowledge, 2015) [2]blank.gif Wikipedia


elements blank.gif communication blank.gif media | knowledge | human | noise

Where is the Life we have lost in living?
Where is the wisdom we have lost in knowledge?
Where is the knowledge we have lost in information?
--T.S. Eliot, The Rock (1934) [3]

hierarchy blank.gif content blank.gif data | information | knowledge | wisdom


knowledge blank.gif navigation blank.gif place | object | square blank.gifcollage, montage & barrage
blank.gifform blank.gif general | innovation | preservation | participation | expression
blank.gifrealm blank.gifcosmological | physical | terrestrial | anthropological (human) | mystical

See alsoblank.gifgeneral knowledge | epistemology

blank.gifknowledge network (k-net) | new england wide knowledge network (new k-net)


How to Get Knowledge

What is Knowledge Integration?



These are links to resources organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. more...


Subject Specific Links


Roget's Thesaurus Merriam-Webster Visuwords

Britannica Wikipedia

Indexing languages and knowledge organization (Claudio Gnoli)

Outline of Knowledge (Wikipedia)

Dewey 001 Knowledge, humanities and research (BUBL LINK) DMOZ

WolframAlpha DuckDuckGo


Innovations Report

Towards Telesophy: Federating All the World' s Knowledge



shop Amazon eBay gift Zazzle


History of Knowledge (Piero Scaruffi)
The Geography of Knowledge in Assyria and Babylonia: A Diachronic Analysis of Four Scholarly Libraries (University of Cambridge)
A Social History of Knowledge: From Gutenberg to Diderot (Burke, P., 2000) [4]

Timeline of Human Evolution, Knowledge and Culture

Knowledge and Learning (The British Museum) Museum of Knowledge, Corbusier’s dream project that failed (The Tribute of India)

Internet Archive
finding aid

Library of Congress Finding Aids

WorldCat (OAIster) Library of Congress
UPenn Online Books Open Library
World Digital Library (UNESCO & Library of Congress) Hathi Trust

ISBNdb Google Books


International Baccalaureate (IB)

MIT IAP 2000 Knowledge Systems 101: From Alexandria to Hitchhiker's Guide (Hopper) Open Education Consortium

Final Exam Questions Cheat Sheet
More Final Exam Questions
Quiz on Knowledge (Fun Trivia)

Quotations Page Bartlett’s


Conference Alerts Worldwide (Conal) Meetup.com


NPR Archives Google News

Google Scholar



Amazon Toys

Game of Knowledge (Amazon)

Defining Knowledge Art

The Rock, T. S. Eliot
OEDILF: The Omnificent English Dictionary In Limerick Form



epistemology : the study or a theory of the nature and grounds of knowledge especially with reference to its limits and validity (epistemology, 2015) [5]blank.gifWebster | Free | OneLook | Visuwords


Theory of Knowledge (Encyclopaedia Britannica)

See also blank.gif epistemology

Theory of Knowledge is a course in the International Baccalaureate Diploma Programme. (Theory of Knowledge, 2015) [6]blank.gif Wikipedia

What is Theory of Knowledge?

Theory of Knowledge (Bertrand Russell, Encyclopaedia Britannica)
Theory of knowledge (International Baccalaureate)
Theory of Knowledge IB course (Wikipedia)
Theory of Knowledge (Wikibook)
Teaching Theory of Knowledge (Marjorie Clay, Editor)
1986 NEH Summer Institute on Theory of Knowledge, Council for Philosophical Studies



knowledge management : a range of practices used to identify, create, represent, distribute and enable adoption of insights and experiences. Such insights and experiences comprise knowledge, either embodied in individuals or embedded in organisational processes or practice (Knowledge Management, 2015) [7]blank.gifWikipedia
"Broadly, knowledge management is a system or process for sharing insights, experiences and information collaboratively to create value. Institutions use various methods for handling) storing, categorizing) information in its myriad forms, formats and versions. This information is organized so that it is easily accessible and builds the myriad forms, formats and versions. This information is organized so that it is easily accessible and builds the institutional knowledge base of a particular group. Normally, such knowledge management systems focus on both explicit information (electronic and physical documents) and implicit information (experience and expertise of people)." Knowledge management: Processes and technologies (Rollett, H., 2003)[8]

Data, information & knowledge management (Nick Milton, Knoco.com)

The knowledge creating company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation (Nonaka, I. & Takeuchi, H., 1995) [9]
Knowledge management [Special section on knowledge management] (Colby, Durham, & Liberman (Eds.), 2002, August/September) [10]

Knowledge Management (WWW Virtual Library)
Knowledge Management World
Knowledge Management (dmoz Directory)

A provisional knowledge management taxonomy (Sutton, M. J. D., 2001) [11]


knowledge industry : organizations that mainly deal with information or developing information technology (Knowledge industry, 2015) [12]blank.gifMacMillan
Clark Kerr: Knowledge Industry

Education: The Knowledge Industry (Time)


Knowledge economy is a term that refers either to an economy of knowledge focused on the production and management of knowledge in the frame of economic constraints, or to a knowledge-based economy. In the second meaning, more frequently used, it refers to the use of knowledge technologies (such as knowledge engineering and knowledge management) to produce economic benefits as well as job creation. The phrase was popularized by Peter Drucker as the title of Chapter 12 in his book The age of discontinuity ((Drucker, 1968) [13] , And, with a footnote in the text, Drucker attributes the phrase to economist Fritz Machlup. Wikipedia
The Knowledge Economy

Creating a Knowledge Economy

Killer Application - 'The Knowledge Economy'

Reflections on Innovation in the Knowledge Economy

The frontiers of management: Where tomorrow's decisions are being shaped today (Drucker, 1954) [14]

The age of discontinuity: Guidelines to our changing society (Drucker, 1968) [15]

The coming of post-industrial society (Bell, 1976) [16]

The Knowledge Economy (Powell, W. W. & Snellman, K., 2004) [17]


CrashCourse (YouTube Channel)

More Crash Course on YouTube...

Mental Floss (YouTube Channel)

More Mental Floss on YouTube...


History of Everything Live At Red Rocks (Barenaked Ladies)



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    Last year, Heartland Community College had to return $35,000 in state funds back to Springfield because it came retroactively for a program that had been cut. Heartland Vice President Doug Minter says it wasn't so much the loss of funds, but the uncertainty. Hear about Heartland's multiyear strategic budgeting plan, which administrators hope can keep reserve funds in check. Shallow arctic pools are a troubling indicator of the effects of global warming. That's according to a Canadian-based cl...
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Knowledge - Google News
  • Nugget of Knowledge: State name origins - WYTV Today 6:28 am
    Nugget of Knowledge: State name originsWYTVSome are easy. Georgia was named for England's King George II. Louisiana, with its ties to France, was named in honor of King Louis XIV. The name Ohio originates from the Iroquois word for “good river.” The French later translated it to the Beautiful ...
  • Scientific papers that use old and new knowledge get the most attention - Phys.Org Today 4:20 am
    Phys.OrgScientific papers that use old and new knowledge get the most attentionPhys.OrgAn examination of millions of scientific papers and patents reveals works that land in the top 5 percent of the most cited research draw upon a mix of old and new knowledge—significant in a day and age when the number of new publications is increasing ...and more »
  • An insight into creating a knowledge inventory - Irish Times Yesterday
    Irish TimesAn insight into creating a knowledge inventoryIrish TimesTacit knowledge is difficult to explain but it is like a reservoir of known but untaught knowledge amassed by doing, sharing and observing. Managed properly, it can give companies a big competitive advantage. But there's the rub. Organisations often ...
  • Knowledge expands the mind - Loveland Reporter-Herald Yesterday
    Knowledge expands the mindLoveland Reporter-HeraldThe Noontime Nature lecture at the Loveland Public Library, 300 N. Adams Ave., for 2017 follows the theme "A Naturalist's Desiderata." The fifth program, "Grow What Enriches You" will be presented on Tuesday, May 2, from noon to 1 p.m. and again 2 to 3 ...
  • Hoedl: Stop Trump's war on knowledge - The University Daily Kansan Yesterday
    The University Daily KansanHoedl: Stop Trump's war on knowledgeThe University Daily KansanTrump has seemingly started a war on knowledge and truth by proposing these cuts. Unlike some other news organizations, such as Fox News and MSNBC, PBS is a relatively nonpartisan organization. For 14 years people have been rating PBS as a more ...

© Cosma (v.1.5) creator mehopper revised 11/7/2016

  1. ^ Knowledge. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved January 5, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/knowledge
  2. ^ Knowledge. (2015). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 5, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/knowledge
  3. ^ Eliot, T. S. (1934) The rock. New York: Faber. Retrieved January 11, 2011, from http://www.wisdomportal.com/Technology/TSEliot-TheRock.html
  4. ^ Burke, P. (2000). A social history of knowledge: From Gutenberg to Diderot. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishers. Retrieved July 11, 2011, from http://www.wiley.com/WileyCDA/WileyTitle/productCd-0745624855.html
  5. ^ epistemology. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/epistemology
  6. ^ Theory of Knowledge. (2015). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Theory_of_knowledge_%28IB_course%29
  7. ^ Knowledge Management. (2015). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Knowledge_management
  8. ^ Rollett, H. (2003). Knowledge management: Processes and technologies. Boston, MA: Kluwer Academic Publishers. Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AKnowledge+management%3A+processes+and+technologies++&qt=results_page
  9. ^ Nonaka, I. & Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge creating company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. New York: Oxford University Press. Retrieved July 11, 2011, from http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AThe+knowledge+creating+company&qt=results_page
  10. ^ Colby, B., Durham, M.J. & Liberman, K. (Eds.). (2002, August/September) Knowledge management [Special section on knowledge management]. Bulletin of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 28(7), 7. doi: 10.1002/bult.253 Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/bult.253/abstract
  11. ^ Sutton, M. J. D. (2001). A provisional knowledge management taxonomy — The need for a community of interest to create an authoritative taxonomy. In E. Aversa & C. Manley (Eds.), Proceedings of the 64th ASIST Annual Meeting (pp. 621–632). Medford, NJ: Information Today. Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://www.philadelphia.edu.jo/academics/aalawneh/uploads/KM_Programa.pdf
  12. ^ Knowledge industry. (2015). In MacMillan Online Dictionary. Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://www.macmillandictionary.com/dictionary/british/knowledge-industry
  13. ^ Drucker, P. (1968). The age of discontinuity: Guidelines to our changing society. New York: Harper and Row. Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AThe+age+of+discontinuity&qt=results_page
  14. ^ Drucker, P. (1954). The frontiers of management : Where tomorrow's decisions are being shaped today. New York: Harper and Row. Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AThe+frontiers+of+management&qt=results_page
  15. ^ Drucker, P. (1968). The age of discontinuity: Guidelines to our changing society. New York: Harper and Row. Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AThe+age+of+discontinuity&qt=results_page
  16. ^ Bell, D. (1976). The coming of post-industrial society. New York: Basic Books. Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3AThe+coming+of+post-industrial+society+&qt=results_page
  17. ^ Powell, W. W. & Snellman, K. (2004). The knowledge economy. Annual Review of Sociology, 30, 199–220. Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://www.stanford.edu/group/song/papers/powell_snellman.pdf