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Mars : (1) the Roman god of war (2) the planet fourth in order from the sun and conspicuous for its red color (Mars, 2015) [1]blank.gifWebster | OneLook | Visuwords
Mars is the fourth planet from the Sun in the Solar System. Named after the Roman god of war, Mars, it is often described as the "Red Planet" as the iron oxide prevalent on its surface gives it a reddish appearance. Mars is a terrestrial planet with a thin atmosphere, having surface features reminiscent both of the impact craters of the Moon and the volcanoes, valleys, deserts, and polar ice caps of Earth. The rotational period and seasonal cycles of Mars are likewise similar to those of Earth, as is the tilt that produces the seasons. Mars is the site of Olympus Mons, the highest known mountain within the Solar System, and of Valles Marineris, the largest canyon. (Mars, 2015) [2]blank.gif Wikipedia


NASA's Curiosity Mars Rover view of Mars (360 Interactive Video!)

Full-Circle Panorama Beside 'Namib Dune' on Mars (JPL/NASA)
NASA Releases 360-Degree Video Of Martian Surface (Emily Calandrelli, Tech Crunch)


solar system
star blank.gif Sun (Sol)
planets blank.gif Mercury | Venus | Earth | Mars | Jupiter | Saturn | Uranus | Neptune blank.gif
dwarf planets blank.gif Ceres | Pluto | Haumea | Makemake | Eris

satellites blank.gif Earth | Mars | Jupiter | Saturn | Uranus | Neptune blank.gif Pluto | Haumea | Eris
other objects blank.gif asteroid | comet



Symphony of Science - 'The Case for Mars'

The Nine Planets - Mars

Mars in Stunning HD

Photo Journal, Mars (NASA, JPL)
The Times on Mars (David Corcoran, New York Times)
The Beauty of Mars (Tim Ballisty, Weather.com)

These are links to resources organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. more...


Subject Specific Links

Mars Portal (Wikipedia)

OneLook Free Visuwords

Wikipedia Citizendium New World Encyclopedia

Free Internet Public Library dmoz Commercial Best of the Web

"Mars" DuckDuckGo WolframAlpha

shop Amazon eBay gift Zazzle

Library of Congress

WorldCat (OAIster) Library of Congress UPenn Online Books Open Library Hathi Trust

ISBNdb Google Books eBooks.com Barnes and Noble Amazon eBay Books

Open Education Consortium


Mars Daily New Scientist Topic Guide - Exploring Mars NPR Archives Google News

Google Scholar




Moons are called natural satellites


Mars Express Phobos 3D 2008

Solar System Exploration, Phobos (NASA)
Phobos (Wikipedia)
Phobos (Go Astronomy)


Mars Approach and Deimos Rendezvous

Solar System Exploration, Deimos (NASA)
Deimos (Wikipedia)
Deimos (Go Astronomy)



NASA: Evidence of flowing water on Mars

Evidence found of summertime water flows on Mars - study (Irene Klotz, Reuters)
NASA confirms the best-ever evidence for water on Mars (Rachel Feltman, Washington Post)

NASA finds evidence of Martian water flows (Sharon Gaudin, Computer World)
Mars Orbiter spots what appear to be flowing water during the planet's warm season.

Rover finds evidence of subsurface water on Mars (Jennifer Guevin)
Mars Water: Parts Of Red Planet's Interior As Wet As Earth's, Scientists Say (SPACE.com)
Dry ice, wetter Mars (Ron Cowen, Science News)



Tissint meteorite shows signs of past biological activity on Mars

Tissint meteorite shows signs of past biological activity on Mars

Tissint meteorite from London's Natural History Museum

Martian meteorite may contain evidence of extraterrestrial life (Michelle Starr, CNET)
NanoSIMS analysis of organic carbon from the Tissint Martian meteorite: Evidence for the past existence of subsurface organic-bearing fluids on Mars (Original Article)

Could New Rover Find Fossils on Mars? (Irene Klotz, Discovery News)
Rover "Curiosity" ups the ante in search for life beyond Earth, but can't directly detect Martian life.

Mars Methane Mystery: What's Making the Gas? (Irene Klotz, Discovery News)
Methane in Mars' atmosphere lasts less than a year meaning something -- either geologic or biological -- keeps belching it out.

Not 'life,' but maybe 'organics' on Mars (Kaufman)
Did We Meet Martians 36 Years Ago?.Analysis (Ray Villard, Discovery News)

Controversy is Rife on Mars: Transcript of Stewart Brand interviewing Carl Sagan and Lynn Margulis



Discovery Mars - Chapter 1 of 5 (Part 1 of 2)

Trip to Mars Would Turn Astronauts Into Weaklings (Wall for Space.com)

Will we be the first Martians? (Dan Vergano, USA Today)




Curiosity landed successfully!!! Watch NASA's Channel Live...
Mars Science Laboratory (JPL/NASA)

For NASA Rover Team, Many Years of Work Paid Off

NASA TV Capture of MSL Curiosity Rover Landing on Mars

Captain Kirk and Curiosity's Red Planet Landing (NASA)

Challenges of Getting to Mars: Curiosity's Seven Minutes of Terror

Next Mars Rover in Action

Mars Science Laboratory Landing Site: Gale crater

Simulated Space ‘Terror’ Offers NASA an Online Following (Kenneth Chang, New York Times)

Curiosity closes in on Mars for high-stakes descent (William Harwood, CNET)
The $2.5 billion Mars Science Laboratory rover is closing in on the Red Planet for a white-knuckle descent to the surface using an untried "sky crane" technique to ensure a pinpoint landing on the floor of Gale Crater.

Mars dust storm, minor wobble give Curiosity scientists pause (Scott Gold, Los Angeles Times)
A dust storm on Mars and a wobble in Curiosity's trajectory give scientists something to think about, but mission leaders say they're on track for a Sunday landing.

Curiosity Rover Bound for Mars' Gale Crater (Suzanne Presto, Voice of America)
Landing Site Named: Gale Crater (National Geographic)
"Beautiful" mineral-rich site may contain evidence of ancient life, scientists say.

High-Res Interactive Panorama Lets You Stand on Mars With Curiosity (Adam Mann, Wired)

Mars Curiosity Rover - Google News

Spirit & Opportunity

NASA - Five Years On Mars (Spirit
& Opportunity)

NASA releases Mars panorama shot (NewsOnABC)

Mars Panorama: Next Best Thing to Being There (Guy Webster, NASA, JPL)
Newly released NASA photo provides breathtaking view of red planet (Stacey Pounsberry, The Bunsen Burner)
Video Documents Three-Year Trek on Mars by NASA Rover (NASA JPL) See the video on NASA JPL web site: Go...
Images: Opportunity Arrives At Endeavour Crater (Jet Propulsion Laboratory)NASA makes final attempt to contact silent Mars rover, Spirit (Sharon Gaudin, ComputerWorld)

Solar System Exploration, Mars (NASA)
NASA/JPL Mars Exploration Program (Site Map)
Timeline of Mars Exploration, from 1960 to 2011 (John Matson, Scientific American)

Mars Express (European Space Agency)

Space X

SpaceX says 'reusable rocket' could help colonize Mars (Breitbart.com)
SpaceX Founder Elon Musk Wants Man to Be a Multi-Planet Species (Fox News)
A Budget Trip to Mars: SpaceX founder has plans for humans to be able to get to Mars on the cheap (Discovery News)
Colony on Mars? SpaceX Preps for Red Planet Living
Mars for the 'average person' (Jonathan Amos, BBC News)
Rocket entrepreneur Elon Musk believes he can get the cost of a round trip to Mars down to about half a million dollars.



Mars the new home for humanity and then beyond Part 1

Mars the new home for humanity and then beyond Part 2

Colonization of Mars (Wikipedia)

Mars One

Colony on Mars Set for 2023; Company Seeking Four for Trip

Mars One introduction film (Updated)

Getting humanity to Mars: Bas Lansdorp at TEDxDelft

The future of Space Travel - Bas Lansdorp, Mars One

Mars One Will Start Volunteer Search in July to Send Four People to Mars (Glen Tickle, GeekoSystem)
Mars Colony Project to Begin Astronaut Search by July (Rob Coppinger, SPACE.com)
Reality Show on Mars Could Fund Manned Colony by 2023 (Mike Wall, SPACE.com)
Mars One plans suicide mission to Red Planet for 2023 (John Brandon, Fox News)
Scientists propose one-way trips to Mars (Nicholas K. Geranios)
Trips to Mars might be a one-way ticket


Carl Sagan - On Mars & The Excluded Middle (1993)

Expedition Week: Colonizing Mars (National Geographic)

Terraforming (Wikipedia)
Terraforming of Mars (Wikipedia)


Mars500 - Mission facts (ESA)

Mars500 (Russian Federation – Institute for Bio-Medical Problems)
Mars500 (European Space Agency)
Mars500 (Wikipedia)
Earth-Based Mars500 Crew Breaks Endurance Record For Longest "Space" Mission (Rebecca Boyle, Popular Science)



Secrets of Google's 3-D Mars, Moon

NASA and Google Launch Virtual Exploration of Mars

Google Mars

NASA Opportunity Spacecraft Camera Yields Most Accurate Mars Map Ever (NASA) (Map)


We're NASA and We Know It (Mars Curiosity)

‘We’re NASA and we know it’ parody marries NASA and LMFAO for the best viral video you’ll see today (Emi Kolawole, Washington Post)

How to build your own LEGO Mars rover Curiosity (Robert Z. Pearlman, Space on MSNBC.com)
NASA engineer who worked on real rover created toy version for DIY'ers


NASA Mars Trek-NASA's new Maps for Mars with 3D view

Now you can drive around Mars with NASA's Curiosity simulator (Sean Buckley, Engadget)

Experience Curiosity (NASA/JPL)
Mars Trek (NASA/JPL)

Gear VR

Mars Is A Real Place (Gear VR)

<a href="http://www.drashvr.com/p/mars-is-real-place.html" target="_blank">Mars is a Real Place (DrashVR)</a>
<a href="https://play.google.com/store/apps/details?id=com.drashvr.marsisarealplacecb" target="_blank">Mars is a Real Place (Google Play)</a>


XBox 360 and NASA's Awesome Free Game Mars Rover Curiosity Landing

NASA Releases Mars Rover Game for Xbox 360 (Adario Strange, PCMag)


    Planet Mars - Google News
    • United Arab Emirates reveals plans to colonise Mars and build a city on the red planet - Mirror.co.uk Today 3:28 am
      Mirror.co.ukUnited Arab Emirates reveals plans to colonise Mars and build a city on the red planetMirror.co.ukUnited Arab Emirates reveals plans to colonise Mars and build a city on the red planet. The middle eastern country plans to design and build a human colony on the red planet over the next 100 years. Share; Comments. ByJeff Parsons. 11:26, 20 FEB 2017.Life on Mars within 100 YEARS: Arab state vows to set up CITY on Red Planet by 2117Express.co.ukUAE Plan For Mars City On Track With Ara...
    • Elon Musk Has a New Timeline for Humans Living on Mars - Futurism Yesterday
      FuturismElon Musk Has a New Timeline for Humans Living on MarsFuturismMissions to Mars would ideally be launched every 26 months when the planet is aligned with Earth. The 2020 planned lander will be critical for future manned missions as it will test technology required to land heavy equipment on the Martian surface&mdash;a ...SpaceX is pushing back the target launch date for its first Mars missionThe VergeSpacex will delay their first unmanned Red Dragon Mars mission until 2020Next Big Futu...
    • India eyes a return to Mars and a first run at Venus - Science Magazine Friday
      Science MagazineIndia eyes a return to Mars and a first run at VenusScience MagazineIndia was the first nation to successfully reach the Red Planet on its first attempt when the Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also known as Mangalyaan, entered orbit in 2014. The spacecraft continues to beam data back to mission control in Bengaluru; one ...and more&nbsp;&raquo;
    • Europe's Mars Mission Is About to 'Surf' the Red Planet's Atmosphere - Seeker Feb 15, 2017
      SeekerEurope's Mars Mission Is About to 'Surf' the Red Planet's AtmosphereSeekerThe ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter (TGO) is about to go surfing &mdash; at the Red Planet. Through 13 months of delicate maneuvers, the spacecraft will carefully skim above Mars' atmosphere to refine its orbit. Once that's finished in 2018, TGO will be all set ...
    • The stunning 'silver fins' of Mars: Incredible image reveals a glimpse of red planet's watery past - and could be a ... - Daily Mail Feb 15, 2017
      Daily MailThe stunning 'silver fins' of Mars: Incredible image reveals a glimpse of red planet's watery past - and could be a ...Daily MailA patch of land in an ancient valley on Mars may once have been home to salty groundwater &ndash; and, it could now be a prime target in the search for past life. Researchers discovered an area that appears to have been flooded by water, with a number of ...Watery past on Mars: Searching for past life formsScience Dailyall 7 news articles&nbsp;&raquo;

    © Cosma creator mehopper editor mehopper revised 11/15/2016 v.1.5

    1. ^ Mars. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Mars
    2. ^ Mars. (2015). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mars