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Cosma arrow.gif communication arrow.gif knowledge arrow.gif realm arrow.gif terrestrial arrow.gif life arrow.gif animal arrow.gif vertebrate arrow.gif mammal arrow.gifmonkey
monkey : nonhuman primate mammal with the exception usually of the lemurs and tarsiers ; especially : any of the smaller longer-tailed catarrhine or platyrrhine primates as contrasted with the apes (monkey, 2015) [1]blank.gifWebster | Free | OneLook | Visuwords
Monkeys are haplorhine ("dry-nosed") primates, a group generally possessing tails and consisting of approximately 260 known living species. Many monkey species are tree-dwelling (arboreal), although there are species that live primarily on the ground, such as baboons. Most species are also active during the day (diurnal). Monkeys are generally considered to be intelligent, particularly Old World monkeys.

There are two major types of monkey: New World monkeys (platyrrhines) from South and Central America and Old World monkeys (catarrhines of the superfamily Cercopithecoidea) from Africa and Asia. Hominoid apes (gibbons, orangutans, gorillas, chimpanzees, and humans), which all lack tails, are also catarrhines but are not considered monkeys. (Tailless monkeys may be called "apes", incorrectly according to modern usage; thus the tailless Barbary macaque is sometimes called the "Barbary ape".) Because Old World monkeys are more closely related to hominoid apes than to New World monkeys, yet the term "monkey" excludes these closer relatives, monkeys are referred to as a paraphyletic group. Consequently, Hominoids are just as far related to New World monkeys as Old World monkeys are. (Monkey, 2015) [2]blank.gif Wikipedia


Monkey babysitter

Monkey Math: Baboons Show Brain's Ability to Understand Numbers (Science Daily)


These are some of the other most intelligent mammals:
primate blank.gifgorillablank.gif monkeyblank.gifapeblank.gifsee also human
cetacean blank.gifwhaleblank.gifdolphinblank.gifporpoiseblank.gif

These are just some of the other most famous mammals:
air, flying blank.gif chiroptera blank.gifbat
water, marine blank.gif sirenian blank.gif manatee blank.gif pinniped blank.gifsealblank.gifwalrus
land blank.gif rodentia blank.gifmouse blank.gif lagomorpha blank.gifrabbit blank.gif artiodactyla blank.gifdeerblank.gifcamelblank.gifgiraffeblank.gifpigblank.gifcowblank.gifsheep
blank.gif perissodactyla blank.gif horse blank.gif proboscidea blank.gifelephantblank.gifmammothblank.gifblank.gif carnivora blank.gifcatblank.giflionblank.giftigerblank.gifdogblank.gifwolfblank.gif bear
ice, marine blank.gif carnivora blank.gifpolar bear


Social behavior of monkeys

These are links to resources organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. more...


Subject Specific Links

Primate Info net Nature, Monkey (PBS) BBC wildlife Finder, old world monkey

OneLook Merriam-Webster Free Wiktionary Visuwords

Globio Glossopedia, Monkeys
A-Z Animals, Monkey Monkey (Wikipedia) New World Encyclopedia

Types of Monkeys

Specific Dewey 599.8 Primates (BUBL LINK)
Free Internet Public Library dmoz Commercial Best of the Web

"monkey" DuckDuckGo WolframAlpha

Library of Congress

WorldCat UPenn Online Books Open Library Hathi Trust

599.8 Primates Dewey Browse

ISBNdb Google Books eBooks.com Barnes and Noble Amazon eBay Books

Open Education Consortium


ScienceDaily.com, monkeys
NPR Archives Google News

Google Scholar



Curious George Home Page

Alcoholic Monkeys, BBC animals


Monkeys News -- ScienceDaily
  • Recovering species must be celebrated or we risk reversing progress Apr 20, 2017
    A failure to celebrate conservation successes means we miss vital opportunities to convince the public of 'real and practical solutions' they can engage with. Conservationists across the globe see the need to champion environmental victories and show there is cause for hope -- the decisive component in the fight to save disappearing biodiversity.
  • Birds vs. bees: Study helps explain how flowers evolved to get pollinators to specialize Apr 19, 2017
    Ecologists who study flowering plants have long believed that flowers evolved with particular sets of characteristics to attract specific pollinators. But a recent article suggests that flowers visited almost exclusively by hummingbirds are designed not to lure birds, but to confuse bumblebees and cost them precious time. This extra cost leads most bees to seek nectar rewards elsewhere, thus enabling the plants to more effectively attract more efficient hummingbird pollinators.
  • Lice and bacteria, partners in parasitism Apr 14, 2017
    Scientists have sought to better understand the evolutionary history of bacteria residing within lice. In this study, they see that bacterial evolution is driven by associations with lice, and louse evolution is tied to their mammalian hosts.
  • Computer game helps scientists understand animal camouflage Apr 13, 2017
    Online computer games played by more than 30,000 people have helped scientists understand animal camouflage and color vision.
  • Why treating animals may be important in fighting resurgent tropical disease Apr 12, 2017
    As the World Health Organization steps up its efforts to eradicate a once-rampant tropical disease, a new study suggests that monitoring, and potentially treating, the monkeys that co-exist with humans in affected parts of the world may be part of the global strategy.

Monkeys - Google News
  • Ooh Ah for Ua: Audubon Zoo welcomes new baby colobus monkey; see photos, video - The Advocate Today 7:20 am
    The AdvocateOoh Ah for Ua: Audubon Zoo welcomes new baby colobus monkey; see photos, videoThe AdvocateThis image provided by the Audubon Nature Institute shows the Audubon Zoo's newest colobus monkey, named, Ua, born on March 13, 2017 in New Orleans. The new arrival is the second offspring of Mandeesa (mother) and Kivuli (father). The birth is part of ...Audubon Zoo goes bananas as it welcomes newborn colobus monkeyNOLA.comall 17 news articles »
  • Revs will not hold Cowboy Monkey Rodeo in 2017; PETA claims victory - FOX43.com Today 5:22 am
    FOX43.comRevs will not hold Cowboy Monkey Rodeo in 2017; PETA claims victoryFOX43.comYORK, PA. — PETA is claiming a victory today after the York Revolution baseball team confirmed they will not hold a promotion this year that rankled the animal rights group last year. The promotion, a Cowboy Monkey Rodeo, ran last July and drew ...
  • Qantas taps The Monkeys for latest 'Feels Like Home' ads - AdNews Yesterday
    AdNewsQantas taps The Monkeys for latest 'Feels Like Home' adsAdNewsIn the latest instalment, the campaign includes two spots which centre on families from the UK and Australia reuniting. It is timed to promote the new direct route between Perth and London which takes first flight March 2018. Both of the two-minute ...and more »
  • It's all monkey business for Forum Players' latest production - The Daily News Online Yesterday
    It's all monkey business for Forum Players' latest productionThe Daily News OnlineBATAVIA — Celeste Brownell sits on a bench in the lobby, sewn into her monkey costume — “The velco kept popping open,” she explained — hot and sweaty from having just finished a show. She has just spent a little more than half an hour grunting, ...
  • This Nature Reserve Boasts Natural Beauty—and a Monkey Circus? - National Geographic Yesterday
    National GeographicThis Nature Reserve Boasts Natural Beauty—and a Monkey Circus?National GeographicAt one point in the video, a handler leads a monkey by a leash attached to his collar. The monkey grasps the leash to keep from being choked. Another shot shows a monkey facing the wall, chewing his foot. That kind of behavior is a sign that the animal ...


Editor Mary E. Hopper
Contributor Neil R. Carlson


© Cosmablank.gifcreator mehopperblank.gifeditor mehopperblank.gifrevised 7/16/2016blank.gifversion 1.4

  1. ^ monkey. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved January 15, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/monkey
  2. ^ Monkey. (2015). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 15, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monkey