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Cosma arrow.gif communication arrow.gif knowledge arrow.gif realm arrow.gif terrestrial arrow.gif life arrow.gif animal arrow.gif vertebrate arrow.gif mammal arrow.gifmonkey
monkey : nonhuman primate mammal with the exception usually of the lemurs and tarsiers ; especially : any of the smaller longer-tailed catarrhine or platyrrhine primates as contrasted with the apes (monkey, 2015) [1]blank.gifWebster | Free | OneLook | Visuwords
Monkeys are haplorhine ("dry-nosed") primates, a group generally possessing tails and consisting of approximately 260 known living species. Many monkey species are tree-dwelling (arboreal), although there are species that live primarily on the ground, such as baboons. Most species are also active during the day (diurnal). Monkeys are generally considered to be intelligent, particularly Old World monkeys.

There are two major types of monkey: New World monkeys (platyrrhines) from South and Central America and Old World monkeys (catarrhines of the superfamily Cercopithecoidea) from Africa and Asia. Hominoid apes (gibbons, orangutans, gorillas, chimpanzees, and humans), which all lack tails, are also catarrhines but are not considered monkeys. (Tailless monkeys may be called "apes", incorrectly according to modern usage; thus the tailless Barbary macaque is sometimes called the "Barbary ape".) Because Old World monkeys are more closely related to hominoid apes than to New World monkeys, yet the term "monkey" excludes these closer relatives, monkeys are referred to as a paraphyletic group. Consequently, Hominoids are just as far related to New World monkeys as Old World monkeys are. (Monkey, 2015) [2]blank.gif Wikipedia


Monkey babysitter

Monkey Math: Baboons Show Brain's Ability to Understand Numbers (Science Daily)


These are some of the other most intelligent mammals:
primate blank.gifgorillablank.gif monkeyblank.gifapeblank.gifsee also human
cetacean blank.gifwhaleblank.gifdolphinblank.gifporpoiseblank.gif

These are just some of the other most famous mammals:
air, flying blank.gif chiroptera blank.gifbat
water, marine blank.gif sirenian blank.gif manatee blank.gif pinniped blank.gifsealblank.gifwalrus
land blank.gif rodentia blank.gifmouse blank.gif lagomorpha blank.gifrabbit blank.gif artiodactyla blank.gifdeerblank.gifcamelblank.gifgiraffeblank.gifpigblank.gifcowblank.gifsheep
blank.gif perissodactyla blank.gif horse blank.gif proboscidea blank.gifelephantblank.gifmammothblank.gifblank.gif carnivora blank.gifcatblank.giflionblank.giftigerblank.gifdogblank.gifwolfblank.gif bear
ice, marine blank.gif carnivora blank.gifpolar bear


Social behavior of monkeys

These are links to resources organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. more...


Subject Specific Links

Primate Info net Nature, Monkey (PBS) BBC wildlife Finder, old world monkey

OneLook Merriam-Webster Free Wiktionary Visuwords

Globio Glossopedia, Monkeys
A-Z Animals, Monkey Monkey (Wikipedia) New World Encyclopedia

Types of Monkeys

Specific Dewey 599.8 Primates (BUBL LINK)
Free Internet Public Library dmoz Commercial Best of the Web

"monkey" DuckDuckGo WolframAlpha

Library of Congress

WorldCat UPenn Online Books Open Library Hathi Trust

599.8 Primates Dewey Browse

ISBNdb Google Books eBooks.com Barnes and Noble Amazon eBay Books

Open Education Consortium


ScienceDaily.com, monkeys
NPR Archives Google News

Google Scholar



Curious George Home Page

Alcoholic Monkeys, BBC animals


Monkeys News -- ScienceDaily
  • Researchers design facial recognition system as less invasive way to track lemurs in wild Friday
    A team of researchers has developed a new computer-assisted recognition system that can identify individual lemurs in the wild by their facial characteristics and ultimately help to build a database for long-term research on lemur species.
  • How antibody treatment led to lasting HIV-like virus remission Feb 16, 2017
    Scientists have found that the presence of the protein alpha-4 beta-7 integrin on the surface of HIV and its monkey equivalent -- simian immunodeficiency virus, or SIV -- may help explain why an antibody protected monkeys from SIV in previous experiments.
  • Monkey fights help explain tipping points in animal societies Feb 10, 2017
    Previous studies of flocks, swarms, and schools suggest that animal societies may verge on a "critical" point -- in other words, they are extremely sensitive and can be easily tipped into a new social regime. A new analysis of pigtail macaque monkeys sheds light on these social 'tipping points' in animal societies.
  • Successful application of male contraceptive in monkeys Feb 7, 2017
    Results of a study of Vasalgel (TM) in rhesus macaques have been published. Vasalgel is being developed by a social venture as a non-hormonal, long-acting, potentially reversible male contraceptive. It is a polymer hydrogel that works by blocking sperm in the vas deferens. Injection of Vasalgel in sexually mature adult male rhesus monkeys was effective in preventing conception throughout the one-plus year study period.
  • New Zika vaccine candidate protects mice and monkeys with a single dose Feb 2, 2017
    A new Zika vaccine candidate has the potential to protect against the virus with a single dose, according to a research team. Preclinical tests showed promising immune responses in both mice and monkeys.

Monkeys - Google News


Editor Mary E. Hopper
Contributor Neil R. Carlson


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  1. ^ monkey. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved January 15, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/monkey
  2. ^ Monkey. (2015). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved January 15, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monkey