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reference : something (as a sign or indication) that refers a reader or consulter to another source of information (as a book or passage) (Reference, 2015) [1] Webster Oxford Free OneLook Word Reference Urban Visuwords

resource : (1) a source of supply or support : an available means —usually used in plural (2) a source of information or expertise (3) something to which one has recourse in difficulty (Resource, 2015) [2] Webster Oxford Free OneLook Word Reference Urban Visuwords

What is a reference resource? "Reference" is a term that derives from the Latin referre "to carry back." A reference resource is something that we refer back to for information. Common examples are dictionaries, encyclopedias, and thesauri. These are tools that people want on hand to find quick information, to check a fact, or to gain a background knowledge of a topic. In the past, reference resources were usually books. These days, they're just as often online. (Reference Resources, 2015) [3] Boise State University Reference Guides

reference resource | dictionary | encyclopedia arrow.gif introduction | synopsis arrow.gif handbook | manual arrow.gif guide | directory | search

See also blank.gif community blank.gif resource blank.gif faq | facts, lists, records & trivia | yearbook & almanac blank.gif person expert | biography | quotation
group blank.gif occupation accreditation blank.gif social network bookmark | blog | forum blank.gif organization rule | style guide blank.gif event blank.gif
news blank.gif broadcast blank.gif publication proceedings | dissertation | preprint | book | periodical (index citation abstract contents) blank.gif feed (rss) blank.gif publicity


The Information Timeline & Types of Sources

Locating Fair and Balanced Sources (Internet Public Library)

Useful Reference Resources

Library of Congress Research and Reference Services
Library of Congress Reference Shelf
Library of Congress Alcove 9: An Annotated List of Reference Websites

Refdesk Reference Shelves on the Net
Refdesk Essential Reference Tools
Refdesk Quick Reference
Refdesk Indispensable Links

Wikipedia's Reference Desk
Wikipedia's Reference Works Category

Wolfram Alpha

Project Gutenberg


These are links to resources organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. more...


Subject Specific Links


Roget's Thesaurus Merriam-Webster Visuwords


Guide to reference resources (University of Chicago)


shop Amazon eBay


Internet Archive
finding aid

Library of Congress Finding Aids

WorldCat (OAIster) Library of Congress
UPenn Online Books Open Library
World Digital Library (UNESCO & Library of Congress) Hathi Trust

ISBNdb Google Books

Open Education Consortium


NPR Archives Google News

Google Scholar



New Reference Resources - Google News
  • Here's What You Need To Know About Horizon: Zero Dawn - Kotaku Australia Today 12:04 am
    Kotaku AustraliaHere's What You Need To Know About Horizon: Zero DawnKotaku AustraliaIf you've been waiting eagerly for Horizon: Zero Dawn, good news: we've been playing the game for the better part of a week. Without spoilers, here's everything you need to ... There's no shortage of resources to uncover in Aloy's world, and you can ...and more »
  • Donald Trump's questionable history with facts and sources - NEWS.com.au Yesterday
    NEWS.com.auDonald Trump's questionable history with facts and sourcesNEWS.com.auThe President has pledged to “hold the media accountable” and urged his supporters to shun any news stories that make reference to unnamed sources. But based on his own history with such “sources” — and the recent actions of members .... major ...and more »
  • AP News in Brief at 11:04 pm EST - Miami Herald Yesterday
    AP News in Brief at 11:04 pm ESTMiami Herald"The surge of illegal immigration at the southern border has overwhelmed federal agencies and resources and has created a significant national security vulnerability to the United States," Kelly wrote. He said apprehensions on the southern U.S. border ...and more »
  • New group aims to connect students to political process - UNM Daily Lobo Yesterday
    New group aims to connect students to political processUNM Daily LoboA new student group is coming to campus, centered around enabling students to build leadership skills while bridging the gap between political parties to create a safe environment to discuss political issues. The Young ... “In developing these programs ...
  • 'Clarify terms of reference to Bajaj panel'- The New Indian Express - The New Indian Express Friday
    'Clarify terms of reference to Bajaj panel'- The New Indian ExpressThe New Indian ExpressHYDERABAD:The Telangana government has urged the Union ministry of water resources to provide clarity to the AK Bajaj Committee on its terms of reference.and more »

© Cosma (v.1.5) creator mehopper revised 12/11/2016
  1. ^ Reference. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved January 5, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/reference
  2. ^ Resource. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved January 5, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/resource
  3. ^ Reference Resources. (2015). In Boise State University Reference Guides. Retrieved June 15, 2015, from http://guides.boisestate.edu/reference