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Cosma arrow.gif communication arrow.gif knowledge arrow.gif realm arrow.gif physical arrow.gif star arrow.gif solar system
Solar System : the sun together with the group of celestial bodies that are held by its attraction and revolve around it; also : a similar system centered on another star (Solar System, 2015) [1]blank.gifWebster | OneLook | Visuwords


The Solar System / Vangelis - Conquest of Paradise
(Tour of planets and their moons)

Eyes on the Solar System (JPL/NASA)


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space blank.gif
geography blank.gif
chronology blank.gif
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universe blank.gif
galaxy blank.gif
planet blank.gif
satellite blank.gif
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mass blank.gif
energy blank.gif
matter blank.gif
molecule blank.gif

solar system
star blank.gif Sun (Sol)
planets blank.gif Mercury | Venus | Earth | Mars | Jupiter | Saturn | Uranus | Neptune blank.gif
dwarf planets blank.gif Ceres | Pluto | Haumea | Makemake | Eris

satellites blank.gif Earth | Mars | Jupiter | Saturn | Uranus | Neptune blank.gif Pluto | Haumea | Eris
other objects blank.gif asteroid | comet


These are links to resources organized by a classification scheme developed exclusively for Cosma. more...


Subject Specific Links

OneLook Merriam-Webster Free Wiktionary Visuwords

Wikipedia Citizendium New World Encyclopedia

Free Internet Public Library dmoz Commercial Best of the Web

"solar system" DuckDuckGo WolframAlpha

Library of Congress

WorldCat (OAIster) Library of Congress UPenn Online Books Open Library Hathi Trust

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Open Education Consortium


ScienceDaily.com, solar system NPR Archives Google News

Google Scholar

The Planetary Society



Trans-Neptunian Object (TNO; also written transneptunian object) is any minor planet in the Solar System that orbits the Sun at a greater distance on average than Neptune. The Kuiper belt, scattered disk, and Oort cloud are three divisions of this volume of space. The first trans-Neptunian object to be discovered was Pluto in 1930. It took more than 60 years to discover, in 1992, a second trans-Neptunian object, (15760) 1992 QB1, with only the discovery of Pluto's moon Charon before that in 1978. Now over 1200 trans-Neptunian objects appear on the International Astronomical Union, Minor Planet Center's List Of Transneptunian Objects. The largest known trans-Neptunian objects are Pluto and Eris, followed by Makemake and Haumea. (Trans-Neptunian object, 2015) [2]blank.gif Wikipedia blank.gif
Kuiper belt, sometimes called the Edgeworth–Kuiper belt, is a region of the Solar System beyond the planets extending from the orbit of Neptune (at 30 AU) to approximately 55 AU from the Sun. It is similar to the asteroid belt, although it is far larger—20 times as wide and 20 to 200 times as massive. Like the asteroid belt, it consists mainly of small bodies, or remnants from the Solar System's formation. While the asteroid belt is composed primarily of rock and metal, the Kuiper objects are composed largely of frozen volatiles (termed "ices"), such as methane, ammonia and water. The belt is home to at least three dwarf planets – Pluto, Haumea, and Makemake. Some of the Solar System's moons, such as Neptune's Triton and Saturn's Phoebe, are also believed to have originated in the region. (Kuiper belt, 2015) [3]blank.gif Wikipedia
Oort cloud is a hypothesized spherical cloud of comets which may lie roughly 50,000 AU, or nearly a light-year, from the Sun. This places the cloud at nearly a quarter of the distance to Proxima Centauri, the nearest star to the Sun. The Kuiper belt and scattered disc, the other two reservoirs of trans-Neptunian objects, are less than one thousandth of the Oort cloud's distance. The outer limit of the Oort cloud defines the cosmographical boundary of the Solar System and the region of the Sun's gravitational dominance. The Oort cloud is thought to comprise two separate regions: a spherical outer Oort cloud and a disc-shaped inner Oort cloud, or Hills cloud. Objects in the Oort cloud are largely composed of ices, such as water, ammonia, and methane. Astronomers believe that the matter composing the Oort cloud formed closer to the Sun and was scattered far out into space by the gravitational effects of the giant planets early in the Solar System's evolution.(Oort cloud, 2015) [4]blank.gif Wikipedia

The Kuiper Belt and the Oort Cloud

Too weird to be believed: a new planet in the solar system?
Bye Bye Planet Pluto - BBC science

Solar System Exploration, Kuiper Belt & Oort Cloud (NASA)

Take a tour of the solar system's dwarf planets (Mike Wall, Space.com)
Pluto's fall from grace classification led way for Eris, Haumea, Makemake and Ceres

Planets beyond Neptune

Voyager 1 Spacecraft Heads For The Outer Limits (Melissa Block, All things considered, NPR)

Voyager spacecraft nears exit of solar system (BreitBart)

Knot in Mystery Ribbon at Solar System's Edge Unravels (Space.com)


Onward to the Edge! (Symphony of Science)

Data From NASA's Voyager 1 Point to Interstellar Future

Instant Index: Spacecraft Voyager One Ends 35-Year-Long Journey

Voyager Humanity's Farthest Journey

Voyager 1 May Have Exited Solar System; Scientists Debate Findings (Ryan Grenoble, The Huffington)
NASA Voyager 1 spacecraft nears interstellar space (Space.com, MSNBC)

NASA Voyager I - Google News
  • [ April 27, 2017 ] Cassini contacts Earth after flying inside Saturn's rings News - Spaceflight Now 27 minutes ago
    Spaceflight Now[ April 27, 2017 ] Cassini contacts Earth after flying inside Saturn's rings NewsSpaceflight NowGround controllers at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory confirmed Thursday the Cassini spacecraft survived its first trip between Saturn and its rings, the closest any probe has ever come to the planet. Cassini was out of ... Other scientific objectives ...and more »
  • NASA Cassini Spacecraft Passes by Titan One Last Time - News4C Tuesday
    News4CNASA Cassini Spacecraft Passes by Titan One Last TimeNews4CThe reason why scientists didn't have any valuable information about Titan is because it is covered beneath an orange atmosphere that's filled with nitrogen. This is why NASA's Voyager probes have not been able see through Titan's atmosphere back in ...Cassini sails by Saturn's moon Titan for last time – Spaceflight NowSpaceflight NowIn "grand finale," NASA's Cassini Saturn probe flies between the planet and its rings...
  • The Farthest review: a lively doc about the personalities behind Earth's first interstellar spacecraft - The Verge Tuesday
    The VergeThe Farthest review: a lively doc about the personalities behind Earth's first interstellar spacecraftThe VergeOver the closing credits of The Farthest, an ebullient documentary about the 40-year progress of NASA's first interstellar spacecraft, there's an adorable moment where Voyager project manager John Casani takes director Emer Reynolds to task for ...
  • Sun's Magnetic Shield May Be a Bubble, Not Comet-Shaped - Space.com Tuesday
    Sun's Magnetic Shield May Be a Bubble, Not Comet-ShapedSpace.com"If the heliosphere's tail is stretched out like a comet, we'd expect that the patterns of the solar cycle would show up much later in the measured neutral atoms," Tom Krimigis, a researcher at Johns Hopkins University who works on NASA's Voyager and ...
  • NASA's Cassini, Voyager missions suggest new picture of Sun's interaction with galaxy - Science Daily Monday
    Science DailyNASA's Cassini, Voyager missions suggest new picture of Sun's interaction with galaxyScience DailyNew data from NASA's Cassini mission, combined with measurements from the two Voyager spacecraft and NASA's Interstellar Boundary Explorer, or IBEX, suggests that our sun and planets are surrounded by a giant, rounded system of magnetic field from ...NASA study finds sun is surrounded by bubble of solar windDaily MailCassini unlocks the secrets of how the Sun's heliosphere | WIR...


Eyes on the Solar System (NASA, JPL)

News stories about NASA's Eyes on the Solar System...

NASA Gives Public New Internet Tool to Explore the Solar System (NASA, JPL)

NASA Gives Public New Internet Tool to Explore the Solar System (Space Daily)

New NASA site offers solar system and time travel: Mission data from 1950 to 2050 for your viewing (Brid-Aine Parnell, The Register)


View Anyplace from Anyplace (NASA, JPL)

Adjustable Gravity (LostVectorys)

JRX Graphix Flash5

3D Solar System (Luke Wood)

Space Flight Simulator (Martin Schweiger)


Titans of Space VR app for Cardboard

This type of "space exploration" application has become a typical, but powerful standard early release for each VR platform. This is with good reason -- it consistently plays to the strengths of the emerging low end VR platforms in both content and user interface. It also a fairly low threshold, but worthwhile educational experience. It is worth noting that some version of this specific application or close relatives can be found on each platform, so be sure to check to see if it is available for whatever platform you are using. You can also check the official web site (first link below).

Titans of Space (Official Site)
Titans of Space (Google Play) (Cardboard)
Titans of Space (Oculus Rift, Oculus Share) (Oculus Rift)


Animaniacs - Our Solar System singalong...


Check Out These Stunning Images Of Our Solar System Rendered From Scientific Data (Matthew Van Dusen, Business Insider Txchnologist)

Build a Solar System (Exploratorium)

Make a Solar System (KidsAstronomy)

Solar system scavenger hunt

NASA Solar System

Solar System Exploration (NASA)

Solar System Exploration, Solar System (NASA)

Photo Journal, Solar System (NASA, JPL)

The Nine Planets Solar System Tour

Around the Solar System (Boston.com)


Solar System and Beyond
  • NASA Missions Provide New Insights into 'Ocean Worlds' in Our Solar System Apr 13, 2017
    Two veteran NASA missions are providing new details about icy, ocean-bearing moons of Jupiter and Saturn, further heightening the scientific interest of these and other "ocean worlds" in our solar system and beyond. The findings are presented in papers published Thursday by researchers with NASA’s Cassini mission to Saturn and Hubble Space Telescop
  • NASA Scientists Find Dynamo at Lunar Core May Have Formed Magnetic Field Apr 12, 2017
    The moon no longer has a magnetic field, but NASA scientists are publishing new research that shows heat from crystallization of the lunar core may have driven its now-defunct magnetic field some 3 billion years ago.
  • NASA to Reveal New Discoveries in News Conference on Oceans Beyond Earth Apr 10, 2017
    NASA will discuss new results about ocean worlds in our solar system from the agency’s Cassini spacecraft and the Hubble Space Telescope during a news briefing 2 p.m. EDT on Thursday, April 13.
  • NASA's MAVEN Reveals Mars Has Metal in its Atmosphere Apr 10, 2017
    Mars has electrically charged metal atoms (ions) high in its atmosphere, according to new results from NASA's MAVEN spacecraft. The metal ions can reveal previously invisible activity in the mysterious electrically charged upper atmosphere (ionosphere) of Mars.
  • NASA’s Cassini Mission Prepares for 'Grand Finale' at Saturn Apr 4, 2017
    NASA's Cassini spacecraft, in orbit around Saturn since 2004, is about to begin the final chapter of its remarkable story. On Wednesday, April 26, the spacecraft will make the first in a series of dives through the 1,500-mile-wide (2,400-kilometer) gap between Saturn and its rings as part of the mission’s grand finale.

NASACast: Solar System Video
  • Trek to Mount Sharp Begins by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Jul 11, 2013
    After busily exploring the Glenelg region of Gale Crater, Curiosity is moving on. The rover is starting a 5 mile, or about an 8 kilometer trek southwest towards the foothills of Mt Sharp.
  • Phobos Passing Overhead by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Jul 1, 2013
    This movie clip shows Phobos, the larger of the two moons of Mars, passing overhead, as observed by NASA's Mars rover Curiosity in a series of images centered straight overhead starting shortly after sunset.
  • Curiosity's Cameras by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Jun 13, 2013
    Curiosity is at Point Lake on Mars and will snap pictures to send home. Find out more about the rover's 17 cameras, including why some shoot in color and others others take black-and-white images.
  • Dry Ice Moves on Mars by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Jun 11, 2013
    Is frozen carbon dioxide a key to features in some Martian gullies? To find out, scientists grabbed a bag of dry ice and took a road trip.
  • Rover Ready to Switch Gears by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) Jun 7, 2013
    NASA's Curiosity rover switches to long-distance driving mode as she heads to Mount Sharp.

News and Features - NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Solar System News -- ScienceDaily
Solar System - Google News
  • Recently discovered solar system could seed life between adjacent exoplanets - Phys.Org Today 4:09 am
    Phys.OrgRecently discovered solar system could seed life between adjacent exoplanetsPhys.OrgAfter NASA announced in February the discovery of a solar system with seven planets—three of which were deemed potentially habitable—UChicago postdoctoral scholar Sebastiaan Krijt began wondering: If a life form existed on one of these planets, could ...
  • Was the Solar System Previously Home to Another Intelligence ... - The Atlantic Yesterday
    The AtlanticWas the Solar System Previously Home to Another Intelligence ...The AtlanticLike ​The Atlantic? Subscribe to ​The Atlantic Daily​, our free weekday email newsletter. When astronomers talk about the search for life elsewhere in our ...ALIEN NEWS – Solar system was once home to ADVANCED ...Express.co.ukall 5 news articles »
  • Mars' Craters Can Teach Us About the Evolution of the Solar System ... - Inverse Tuesday
    International Business TimesMars' Craters Can Teach Us About the Evolution of the Solar System ...InverseScientists may have unlocked the secrets to our solar system's earliest history by mapping impacts on Mars.Mars Crater History Shows Break From Asteroid Impacts In Early ...International Business Timesall 3 news articles »
  • Aliens may have existed in our solar system long before us | New ... - New York Post Tuesday
    New York PostAliens may have existed in our solar system long before us | New ...New York PostThe solar system that humanity calls home may have once been inhabited by an extinct species of spacefaring aliens, a top scientist has suggested. A space ...and more »
  • No long, twisted tail trails the solar system - Science News Monday
    Science NewsNo long, twisted tail trails the solar systemScience NewsA TALE OF NO TAIL Data from the Voyager and Cassini spacecraft suggest that the heliosphere, the bubble of particles surrounding the solar system, is spherical, not comet-shaped. This illustration shows how that bubble is shaped by the interstellar ...Cassini unlocks the secrets of how the Sun's immense magnetic field covers the Solar SystemWired.co.ukNew NASA Discovery --"Our Sun and Planets Surrounded by a Gigantic Ro...

sun.gif Mercury.png Venus.png Earth.png Mars.png Jupiter.png Saturn.png Uranus.png Neptune.png Pluto.png

© Cosma creator mehopper editor mehopper revised 2/14/2017 v.1.5

  1. ^ Solar System. (2015). In Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary (11th ed.). Retrieved June 21, 2015, from http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Solar+System
  2. ^ Trans-Neptunian object. (2015). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trans-Neptunian_object
  3. ^ Kuiper belt. (2015). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kuiper_belt
  4. ^ Oort cloud. (2015). In Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Retrieved July 11, 2015, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Oort_cloud